Books And Articles

Petroleum Microbiology: The Role of Microorganisms in the Transition to Net Zero Energy

In the oil and gas industry, technologies have been developed to address microbial-related issues such as oil field souring, microbiologically influenced corrosion, biofouling, and targeted measures for risk assessment and mitigation. Microorganisms have also benefited the oil sector through microbial-enhanced oil recovery and bioremediation of petroleum-contaminated environments. However, during the current transitional phase in the oil and gas industry, the role of the microbiome within the current infrastructure and its potential impact on future systems remains an open question. Petroleum Microbiology: The Role of Microorganisms in the Transition to Net Zero Energy explores technological advances in applied microbiology in the oil and gas sector that can be utilized in its transition to renewable energy systems.

Open Access! Download the entire book for free.

Development of an expert system for assessing failures in oil and gas pipelines due to microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC)

This study highlights the modeling of an expert system for the classification of internal microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) failures related to pipelines in the upstream oil and gas industry. The model is based on artificial neural networks (ANNs) and involves the participation of 15 MIC experts. Each expert evaluated a number of model case studies ranging from MIC- to non-MIC-driven upstream pipeline failures. The model accounts for variations in microbiological testing methods, microbiological sample types, and degradation morphology, among other variables. It also accounts for missing datasets, which is commonly the case in actual failure assessments.

Open Access! Download the article for free.

Microbiologically influenced corrosion—more than just microorganisms

Microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC) is a phenomenon of increasing concern that affects various materials and sectors of society. MIC describes the effects, often negative, that a material can experience due to the presence of microorganisms. Unfortunately, although several research groups and industrial actors worldwide have already addressed MIC, discussions are fragmented, while information sharing and willingness to reach out to other disciplines are limited. A truly interdisciplinary approach, which would be logical for this material/biology/chemistry-related challenge, is rarely taken. In this review, we highlight critical non-biological aspects of MIC that can sometimes be overlooked by microbiologists working on MIC but are highly relevant for an overall understanding of this phenomenon…

New Publication!

CRC Press

Table of Contents

Microbes, Materials, and the Engineered Environment Series

This CRC Press series encourages joint efforts between authors/editors from different disciplines, particularly microbiology with physical sciences and engineering, where transdisciplinary perspectives on solving the problem are explored.

Failure Analysis of Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion


Edited by T.L. Skovhus and R.B. Eckert

Failure Analysis of Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion serves as a complete guide to corrosion failure analysis with an emphasis on the diagnosis of microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). By applying the principles of chemistry, microbiology, and metallurgy, readers will be able to reliably determine the mechanistic cause of corrosion damage and failures and select the appropriate methods for mitigating future corrosion incidents. This book is part of the CRC Press editorial series Microbes, Materials and the Engineered Environment.

“With authors with expertise in microbiology, corrosion, materials, and failure investigation, this book provides tools for engineers, scientists, and technologists to successfully combat MIC issues.”

  • Provides background information on the forensic process, types of data or evidence needed to perform the analysis
  • Expert authors from across the globe
  • Offers specific guidelines for conducting MIC failure analyses
  • Protocols for sample handling, preservation, evidence collection and more

Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion in the Upstream Oil and Gas Industry


Edited by T.L. Skovhus, D. Enning and J. Lee

Microorganisms are ubiquitously present in petroleum reservoirs and the facilities that produce them. Pipelines, vessels, and other equipment used in upstream oil and gas operations provide a vast and predominantly anoxic environment for microorganisms to thrive. The biggest technical challenge resulting from microbial activity in these engineered environments is the impact on materials integrity. Oilfield microorganisms can affect materials integrity profoundly through a multitude of elusive (bio)chemical mechanisms, collectively referred to as microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC). MIC is estimated to account for 20 to 30% of all corrosion-related costs in the oil and gas industry.

“An indispensable resource for anyone working in the area of MIC.”

  • A comprehensive reference for integrity engineers, production chemists, oilfield microbiologists, and scientists working in the field of petroleum microbiology or corrosion.
  • Exhaustively researched by leaders from both industry and academia.
  • Discusses the latest technological and scientific advances as well as relevant case studies to convey to readers an understanding of MIC and its effective management.

Field Guide to Internal Corrosion Mitigation and Monitoring for Pipelines


by Richard B. Eckert

This book is intended to help oil and gas pipeline operators, corrosion professionals, integrity experts and risk management practitioners assess, control, and manage the effects of internal corrosion on pipeline systems, thus improving the safety, reliability and integrity of their operations.

While the focus of this book is on pipelines, the content is broadly applicable to upstream equipment, processing facilities, mid-stream pipelines, liquid and gas storage assets, and delivery/distribution assets.

In addition to technical information, the book provides suggestions and potential strategies for applying this information.

The fundamental process of managing internal corrosion consists of threat assessment, mitigation selection and implementation, and monitoring the effectiveness of mitigation. This book is divided into these three main sections to help emphasize the point that corrosion management is a process, not a one-time event.  

“Regardless of one’s background in corrosion or level of knowledge or experience, this organized approach will help the reader visualize where all of the pieces of the corrosion management puzzle fit together.” – World Pipelines

  • Describes chemical, microbial and corrosion monitoring methods applicable to oil and gas assets and to other industries.
  • Understand how multiple lines of evidence are needed to diagnose MIC and other corrosion mechanisms.
  • Covers the roles of corrosion models in understanding the contributing factors to corrosion. 

Learn more about diagnosing MIC using multiple lines of evidence

Read about the different types of evidence or information that are used to help diagnose microbiologically influenced corrosion. 

Learn the questions to ask when integrating different forms of evidence, such as microbiological and chemical!